In what situations does a draw occur in chess?

Chess/Mental sports
Chandler Lee
In what situations does a draw occur in chess?
It takes approx. 4 minutes to read this article

Many novice players wonder in which situations there is a draw in chess. Here are a few possible scenarios followed by the division of points.


This is a specific situation where a player who is on a move is no longer able to make any correct move and his king is not checkmated.

Repeating a position three times

A chess game may end in a draw also when a player who is in a move, makes a correct claim, that at least for the third time an identical position will occur: it will appear on the chessboard after the move written on the chessboard, or it has just appeared on it. When do we have identical positions? This type of situation occurs when both sides have identical possibilities. This means that if in one position it was possible, for example, to hit a pass or to castellate, and then, although the positions are identical, it is not possible, because the positions are not identical.

How to claim three times repeated position? First we write the move on the sheet. Then we stop the clock, call the referee, and describe the situation, declaring at the same time our willingness to perform the recorded move. If all goes well, the referee will make sure that the position is repeated three times and ends the game. If no player notices that the position was repeated three times, and then four times, when the position is repeated for the fifth time the game will automatically end in a draw. It is the referee’s responsibility to see to this.

Eternal chess

The theme of perpetual chess is that one of the parties has to give chess, as stopping this would most likely lead to a worse position, and the other party is unable to escape from this chess.

Eternal chess
If the opponent has gained an advantage
material advantage or is conducting a dangerous
attack, the chess player, in order to avoid…

Published by EMDEK Bydgoszcz – chess Saturday, December 3, 2016

50 moves without beating or moving a pawn

A chess game can end in a draw also when both sides for the last 50 moves have not made any move with a pawn and no beating has occurred, and one of the players has made a complaint. The rules of the complaint are the same as in case of a threefold repetition of a position. The referee stops the game without a complaint when the players have made 75 moves without any rebounds or pawn moves.

Lack of mate material

When both sides of a chess match have no mate, the game automatically ends in a draw. It happens when the black pawns run out of time, and when they make 2 incorrect moves.

Draw proposal

To achieve a draw, simply make a draw proposal while observing any tournament restrictions. At many events of this type it is not possible to propose or accept a draw proposal if white and black chess have not made 30 moves. Sometimes there is also a situation where the game cannot be ended with a draw proposal unless the referee allows it. This is to avoid set draws that are favorable for the players but against the rules of fair play.

How can a draw be proposed? According to the current rules such a proposal can be made only after a move is made on the chessboard and before the clock is pressed after the proposal is made. Draw proposals can also be made in other ways. The only thing to remember here is not to do it too often, thus disturbing the opponent. A bid made by a player cannot be withdrawn. It remains in effect until the opponent accepts it, rejects it verbally, or touches a piece with the intention of making a move or a hit. Claiming a draw is tantamount to a draw offer.

Featured photo: Freepik

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